Versus, heritage for tomorrow : vernacular knowledge for sustainable architecture

CORREIA, Mariana, DIPASQUALE, Letizia, MECCA, Saverio, 2014. Versus, heritage for tomorrow : vernacular knowledge for sustainable architecture. Florence : Firenze University Press, 286 p. ISBN 978-88-6655-741-8.

 

 

 

 

Abstract

This scientific publication resulted from an intensive and significant teamwork research, based on the common main aim of establishing key principles, regarding vernacular knowledge and its contribution for sustainable development.
 
Lessons learned from vernacular heritage are systematised through principles that define a wide number of strategies to consider and to integrate for sustainable contemporary architecture. This was possible through the initial establishment of operational definitions, regarding vernacular architecture and sustainable architecture. It was also critical to define a profound reflection concerning the state of the art of environmental, socio-cultural and socio-economic sustainability, as well as resilient vernacular heritage, and the definition of parameters for vernacular sustainability during the 20th Century.
 
This publication presents the design of the VerSus research method and operative approach, which were decisive for the systematisation of strategies and solutions identified in urban, local, architectural, technical and  constructive terms. Each area of study was represented by specific case studies from Europe and around the world, addressing vernacular environments and contemporary contexts.
 

SUMMARY

– Understanding our built vernacular heritage (Gisle Jakhelln)
– New vernacular architecture vs sustainable development? (Pierre Frey)
– The idea for VerSus project (Mariana Correia)
– Lessons learned and VerSus outcomes (Mariana Correia, Gilberto D. Carlos, Saverio Mecca, Letizia Dipasquale, Hubert Guillaud, Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto, Maddalena Achenza, Alexis Castro).
 
VERNACULAR HERITAGE CONTRIBUTION TO SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE
– Research method and operative approach (Gilberto D. Carlos, Mariana Correia, Letizia Dipasquale, Hubert Guillaud, Saverio Mecca, Camilla Mileto, Fernando Vegas, Maddalena Achenza, David Viana, Leonardo Cannas)
– Defining vernacular architecture (Hubert Guillaud)
– Defining sustainable architecture (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto, Guillermo Guimaraens, Virginia Navalón)
– Environmental sustainability in vernacular architecture (Ilaria Giovagnorio, Maddalena Achenza)
– Socio-cultural sustainability in vernacular architecture (Hubert Guillaud)
– Socio-economic sustainability in vernacular architecture (Mariana Correia, Borut Juvanec, Camilla Mileto, Fernando Vegas, Filipa Gomes, Monica Alcindor, Ana Lima)
– Resilience of vernacular architecture (Letizia Dipasquale, Pınar Kısa Ovalı, Saverio Mecca, Bilge Özel)
– Parameters of vernacular sustainability throughout the 20th Century architecture (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto, Guillermo Guimaraens Virginia Navalón)
 
STRATEGIES AND SOLUTIONS FROM VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE TO SUSTAINABILITY
– Urban and local strategies and solutions Settlements morphology (Gilberto D. Carlos, Mariana Correia, David Viana, Jacob Merten)
V1 | Village of Anta (Henrique Rodrigues, Goreti Sousa)
V2 | Montaria (Gilberto D. Carlos)
V3 | Gavieira (Filipa Gomes)
C1 | Ecolonia (Gilberto D. Carlos, Filipa Gomes)
 
– Productive settlements (Letizia Dipasquale, Saverio Mecca, Bilge Özel)
V1 | The medina of Marrakesh (Bilge Özel)
V2 | The Sardinian courtyard house (Maddalena Achenza)
C1 | Urban gardens in Rome (Chiara Belingardi)
 
– Underground cities (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto, Valentina Cristini,
José Ramón Ruiz Checa)
V1 | The Sassi of Matera (Ippolita Mecca)
V2 | Underground city of Derinkuyu (Bilge Özel)
V3 | Troglodyte housing at Montsoreau (Nuria Sánchez, Enrique Sevillano)
C1 | Underground house-studio (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
 
– Collective and shared spaces (Gilberto D. Carlos, David Viana, Laura Zanini, Marco Cadinu)
V1 | Granaries and threshing-floors (Filipa Gomes, Sandra Rocha, Mariana Correia)
V2 | Loro-Bá (Gilberto D. Carlos, Sandra Rocha)
C1 | Magoanine (David Viana, Sandra Rocha)
 
– Landscape, water and natural resources management (Hubert Guillaud)
V1 | Water management in L’isle-Sur-La-Sorgue (Nuria Sánchez, Enrique Sevillano)
V2 | The water mine systems of Riudoms (Silvia Marchegiani)
C1 | Nansen Park (Bilge Özel)
 
ARCHITECTURAL STRATEGIES AND SOLUTIONS
– Courtyard houses (Letizia Dipasquale, Saverio Mecca, Adelina Picone)
V1 | Hispano-Islamic courtyard house (Letizia Dipasquale)
V2 | Casali, courtyard urban blocks (Adelina Picone)
C1 | Stopplaere house (Adelina Picone)
C2 | Patio Island (Adelina Picone)
 
– Compact houses (Gilberto D. Carlos, Mariana Correia, Filipa Gomes, Sandra Rocha)
V1 | Pallozas (Filipa Gomes, Gilberto D. Carlos, Ana Lima)
V2 | Compact houses in Gavieira (Filipa Gomes)
C1 | Casa da Oliveira (Filipa Gomes, Ana Lima)
C2 | Granary-house (Filipa Gomes)
 
– Roof shapes design (Hubert Guillaud)
V1 | Dammusi (Letizia Dipasquale)
V2 | Ecomuseum Bourrine du Bois-Juquaud (Nuria Sánchez, Enrique Sevillano)
V2 | Sardinian vernacular roofs (Leonardo G. F. Cannas)
C1 | Le Clos Des Fées, housing project at Conteville (Nuria Sánchez, Enrique Sevillano)
 
– In-between spaces, borderline places (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto, Juan María Songel, Juan Fco. Noguera Giménez)
V1 | Porticos (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
V2 | The city of Venice (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
C1 | Indian Institute of Management (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
 
– Natural air conditioning design (Maddalena Achenza, Leonardo G. F. Cannas, Adelina Picone)
V1 | Sirocco room (Letizia Dipasquale)
C1 | Bariz Market (Adelina Picone)
C2 | Lycée français Charles De Gaulle (Adelina Picone)
 
TECHNICAL AND CONSTRUCTIVE STRATEGIES AND SOLUTIONS
– Walls of high thermal inertia (Inês Costa Carrapiço, Filipa Gomes, Mariana Correia, Sandra Rocha)
V1 | Masonry in rural dwellings of Alentejo (Inês Costa Carrapiço)
V2 | Performances of adobe building envelope (Giuseppe Desogus, Stefania Di Benedetto)
C1 | Rammed earth art studio (Célia Macedo, Filipa Gomes, Inês Costa Carrapiço)
C2 | Winery at the monastery of Solan, La Bastide d’Engras (Nuria Sánchez, Enrique Sevillano)
 
– Lightweight structures (Leonardo G. F. Cannas)
V1 | Sardinian baraccas (Leonardo G. F. Cannas)
V2 | Tabiccu (Leonardo G. F. Cannas)
C1 | Paper log houses (Leonardo G. F. Cannas)
 
– Earthquake resistant structures (Letizia Dipasquale, Dalia Omar Sidik, Saverio Mecca)
V1 | The baraccata house (Letizia Dipasquale, Dalia Omar Sidik)
V2 | Wooden frame fill with adobillo block (Natalia Jorquera)
V3 | Wooden frame structure in the Ottoman house (Letizia Dipasquale, Dalia Omar Sidik)
C1 | Contemporary quincha (Natalia Jorquera)
 
– Shading and cooling systems (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto, Lidia García Soriano, Soledad García Sáez)
V1 | External Venetian blinds (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
V2 | Louvered shutters (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
C1 | Fundación Pilar & Joan Miró (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
 
– Low energy heating systems (Hubert Guillaud)
V1 | Radiant heating under floor systems: glorias and trébedes (Fernando Vegas, Camilla Mileto)
C1 | Renovation of a workshop at the University of Rennes (Nuria Sánchez, Enrique Sevillano)
C2 | Eco-Centre Pierre et Terre (Nuria Sánchez, Enrique Sevillano)
 
TOWARD FUTURE PROJECTS
 
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